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Tyler, John Jr.

Born: 1790 AD
Died: 1862 AD

1790 – Born on March 29th in Charles City county, Virginia. The 10th president of the United States who took office upon the death of President William Henry Harrison. A maverick Democrat who refused allegiance to the program of party leader Andrew Jackson, Tyler was rejected in office by both the Democratic Party and the Whig Party and functioned as a political independent.

1807-1809 – After graduating from the College of William and Mary, young Tyler studied law with his father, gaining admission to the bar.

1813 – He married his first wife, Letitia Christian, on his 23rd birthday.

1811-1836 – His political career began in the Virginia legislature. He served as United States representative, as state governor, and as United States senator.

         – In an unusual show of independence, Tyler resigned from the Senate rather than yield to his state legislature’s instructions to reverse his vote on Senate resolutions censuring President Jackson for removal of deposits from the Bank of the United States.

1840 – This anti-Jackson stand endeared Tyler to the opposition Whig Party, which nominated him for the vice presidency in an effort to attract Southern support. Harrison and Tyler defeated the Democratic incumbents Martin Van Buren and Richard M. Johnson after a campaign that sedulously avoided the issues and stressed innocuous party insignia and the slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler too!” (the former referring to the river in Indiana where Harrison defeated the Shawnee Indians).

1842 – Tyler’s wife Letitia Christian Tyler died, the first president’s wife to die in the White House.

1844 – Tyler married Julia Gardiner (Julia Tyler), thus becoming the first president to marry while in office.

         – Having been rejected by the Whigs and finding only lukewarm support among the Democrats, Tyler entered the presidential election as the candidate of his own party, which he created from a core of loyal appointees. His candidacy attracted little support, however, and in August he withdrew in favour of the Democratic nominee, James K. Polk.

1861 – He presided over the Washington Peace Conference, an abortive effort to resolve sectional differences. When the Senate rejected the proposals of the conference, he relinquished all hope of saving the Union and returned to Virginia, where he served as a delegate to the Virginia Secession Convention.

         – Shortly before his death Tyler was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives.

1862 – Died on January 18th in Richmond.