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Stalin, Joseph

Born: 1878 AD
Died: 1953 AD

1878 – He was born Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on the 18th day of March this year. He was better known by his adopted name Joseph Stalin.


1905 – In the Revolution of this year, Stalin led "fighting squads" in bank robberies to raise funds for the Bolshevik Party. His practical experience made him useful to the party, and gained him a place on its Central Committee in January 1912.


1912 – He was co-opted to the Bolshevik Central Committee at the Prague Party Conference.


1915 – He made an exile in this year.


1917 – He was editor of Pravda, the official Communist newspaper, while Lenin and much of the Bolshevik leadership were in exile. In April of the same year, he was elected to the Central Committee with the third highest vote total in the party and was subsequently elected to the Politburo of the Central Committee in May; he held this position for the remainder of his life.


1919 – He was also People’s Commissar of the Workers and Peasants Inspection.


1920 – He became a  member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the republic.


1922 – He was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s Central Committee from this year until 1953.


1924 – Following the death of Vladimir Lenin in this year, he prevailed in a power struggle over Leon Trotsky, who was expelled from the Communist Party and deported from the Soviet Union.


1928 – He replaced the New Economic Policy (NEP) of this year with Five-Year Plans in 1928 and collective farming at roughly the same time. The Soviet Union was transformed from a predominantly peasant society to a major world industrial power by the end of the 1930.  

1930 – He initiated the Great Purge, a campaign of political repression, persecution and executions that reached its peak in 1937.


1932 – By his orders, grains and other foods were confiscated by the Soviet Union authorities. It contributed famine between this year until 1934.


1936 – He announced that the society of the Soviet Union consisted of two non-antagonistic classes: workers and kolkhoz peasantry.


1941 – He made the largest and most decisive contribution to the defeat of Nazi Germany during World War II. After the war, he established the USSR as one of the two major superpowers in the world, a position it maintained for nearly four decades.


1953 – He died on the 5th day of March this year, at the age of 74, and was buried on the 9th of March the same year in the House of Trade Unions in Moscow.