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Philby, Harold Adrian Russell

Born: 1911 AD
Died: 1988 AD

1912 – Born on January 1st in Ambala, India. British intelligence officer and the most successful Soviet double agent of the Cold War period.

1933 – While a student at the University of Cambridge, Philby became a Communist and a Soviet agent.

1940 – He worked as a journalist but when Guy Burgess, a British secret agent who was himself a Soviet double agent, recruited Philby into the MI-6 section of the British intelligence service.

         – By the end of World War II, Philby had become head of counterespionage operations for MI-6, in which post he was responsible for combating Soviet subversion in western Europe.

1949 – He was sent to Washington to serve as chief MI-6 officer there and as the top liaison officer between the British and U.S. intelligence services.

1950 – While holding this highly sensitive post, he revealed to the U.S.S.R. an Allied plan to send armed anti-Communist bands into Albania, thereby assuring their defeat; warned two Soviet double agents in the British diplomatic service, Burgess and Donald MacLean, that they were under suspicion (the two men consequently escaped to the Soviet Union); and transmitted detailed information about MI-6 and the Central Intelligence Agency to the Soviets.

1951-1955 – After Burgess’ and MacLean’s defection, suspicion fell on Philby, and he was relieved of his intelligence duties and dismissed from MI-6.

1963 – Thereafter he worked as a journalist in Beirut until fleeing to the Soviet Union. There he settled in Moscow and eventually reached the rank of colonel in the KGB, the Soviet intelligence service.

1968 – Philby published a book, My Silent War, detailing his exploits.

1988 – Died on May 11th in Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.