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Elizabeth I

Born: 1533 AD
Died: 1603 AD

1533 – Born on September 7th in Greenwich, London, England. The reign of Queen Elizabeth I is often referred to as The Golden Age of English history.

1536 – Her mother failed to provide the King with a son and was executed on false charges of incest and adultery on May 19th. Anne’s marriage to the King was declared null and void, and Elizabeth, like her half-sister, Mary, was declared illegitimate and deprived of her place in the line of succession.

1547 – She was safe from political opportunists, but when he died in the January, she became vulnerable to those who saw her as a political pawn. Despite being officially illegitimate, Henry had reinstated his daughters in the line of succession.

1554 – Elizabeth again found herself implicated in treason after the Wyatt rebellion.

1558 – She was proclaimed Queen of England.

1559 – Elizabeth was crowned Queen on Sunday 15th January. In the months that followed, the new Queen re-established the Protestant Church in England and restored the debased coinage.

         – Perhaps to appease Catholics or to appease those who did not believe a woman could become head of the church, Elizabeth became Supreme Governor of the Church of England, rather than Supreme Head as her father had been.

1564 – The most serious contender for her hand was Robert Dudley, created Earl of Leicester.

1570 – Excommunicated by Pope Pius V on February 25th.

1586-1587 – Elizabeth refused to hear about executing her cousin, but Mary’s complicity in the Babington plot made the execution, in the eyes of many, unavoidable. It was a traumatic time for Elizabeth, and for a while it seemed that she would not have the strength to go ahead with the execution, but she did, and Mary was executed at Fotheringay Castle on February 8th.

1588 – King Philip sent his mighty fleet against England. But by superior tactics, ship design, and sheer good fortune, the English defeated them. Elizabeth’s popularity reached its zenith. It was also another personal triumph as she had proved that she, a woman, could lead in war as well as any man.

1603 – When she died at Richmond Palace on the 24th March, England was one of the most powerful and prosperous countries in the world.